About Subject

About Botany:

        Botany is a branch of biology, which deals with scientific study of plants. It includes the wide range of living organisms from the smallest bacteria to the largest Gymnospermic & Angiosperms (include: algae, fungi, lichens, mosses, ferns, conifers and Angiosperm flowering plants). In this subjects the fundamental & advance applied aspects like Morphology of plant, Anatomy, Embryology, Taxonomy, Plant Evolution, Cell Biology, Environmental Science, Biochemistry, Genetics, Physiology, Molecular Biology, Biotechnology of Plants are studied.
The basic need of Human life; Food, Shelter & Cloths are only fulfilled by the Plants & their products. Also, the oxygen, water cycle, level of CO2, Mineral recycling, Reclamatization, Secondary Metabolites, Medicines are the valuable components of life are controlled & produced by the plants. Therefore, the detail basic & advance study of all types of plants is needed. 

From the Academic Year 2022-23 New CBCS pattern (As per NEP) has been adopted as per the curriculum provided by Sant Gadge Baba Amravati University, Amravati

Programme: B. Sc. Botany
The students graduating with the degree B.Sc. with Botany will be able to
PO1.Critical Thinking: Take informed actions after identifying the assumptions that frame our thinking and actions, checking out the degree to which these assumptions are accurate and valid, and looking at our ideas and decisions (intellectual, organizational, and personal) from different perspectives.
PO2.Effective Communication: Speak, read, write and listen clearly in person and through electronic media in English and in one Indian language, and make meaning of the world by connecting people, ideas, books, media and technology.
PO3. Social Interaction: Elicit views of others, mediate disagreements and help reach conclusions in groupsettings.
PO4. Effective Citizenship: Demonstrate empathetic social concern and equity centered national development, and the ability to act with an informed awareness of issues and participate in civic life through volunteering.
PO5. Ethics: Recognize different value systems including your own, understand the moral dimensions of your decisions, and accept responsibility for them.
PO6. Environment and Sustainability: Understand the issues of environmental contexts and sustainabledevelopment.
PO7. Self-directed and Life-long Learning: Acquire the ability to engage in independent and life-long learning in the broadest context socio-technological changes
PSOs: Upon completion of the programme successfully, students would be able to
1. Identify major groups of plants and compare the characteristics of lower ( microbes, algae ,fungi, bryophytes
    and pteridophytes) and higher ( Gymnosperms and angiosperms).
2. use evidence based comparative botany approach to explain the evolution of organism and understand the
    genetic diversity.
3. explain various plant processes and functions, metabolism, concepts of gene, genome and how organism’s
    function is influenced at the cell, tissue and organ level.
4. understand adaptation, development and behavior of different forms of life.
5. demonstrate the experimental techniques and methods of their area of specialization in Botany.

A career in Botany 

When planning a career in Botany, the job profile can include study of plants, research, working with industries, teaching, self-employment, and being a part of many more fields. A person who works in this field is called a botanist. It will be the job of the botanist to study plant life along with finding solutions to problems related to that of forest and agriculture. There are also botanists who deal with space travel agriculture, artificial environments, hydroponics and various other interesting areas of research.

Botanists are required by varied organizations ranging from multinationals to research organizations to hospitality and tourism bodies, depending upon the nature of their activities. They fit into different roles depending on the activity of the organization and evolve into senior positions at high salaries.

Eligibility for B.Sc. Botany Courses

For admission to a B.Sc. (Botany) program, the candidate needs to pass his higher secondary education or 10+2 with biology, chemistry and physics as the main subject with a minimum of 55 to 60 per cent. 

The Subject Group is available 

  • Botany-Chemistry-Zoology
  • Botany-Chemistry-Microbiology

The duration of the UG programs is three years.

Syllabus Prescribed for Three Year UG Programme
Programme : B.Sc.

Semester 1
Code of the Course/Subject Title of the Course/Subject
(Total Number of Periods)
: 72

CO’s (Course Outcomes)
After completion of this course successfully , the students would be able to

  1. understand microbial diversity, reproduction and economic importance.
  2. differentiate the microbes, algae and fungi on the basis of morphology, cellular organization, nutrition and metabolic activities.
  3. classify and identify the various algal genera.
  4. classify and identify the various fungal genera.
  5. Systematize the plant diseases and their pathogens
  6. Apply understanding of microbial diversity, phycology and mycology for teaching primary to high school students

BOT(1S)/BOTANY Practical

No. of periods per week: 2

After completion of this course successfully , the students would be able to

  1. Identify and classify the algae on the basis of morphology and other characters.
  2. Create monograph of Algae and Fungi.
  3. Demonstrate the structural details of viruses and bacteria included in practical work.
  4. Evaluate the plant diseases of local plants and diagnosed the diseases on the basis of symptology.


Semester- II
Code of the Course/Subject Title of the Course/Subject
BOT( 2S) /Botany: Bryophytes, Pteridophytes, Gymnosperms and Morphology of Angiosperms
(Total Number of Periods) : 60
After completion of this course successfully , the students would be able to

  1. demonstrate on understanding of Archegoniate, Bryophytes, Pteridophytes and Gymnosperms.
  2. identify and classify plants from Bryophytes, Pteridophytes and Gymnosperms.
  3. develop critical thinking on morphology, anatomy and reproduction of Bryophytes, Pteridophytes and
  4. acquire skill of collection and preservation of Bryophytes, Pteridophytes and Gymnosperms
  5. Understand the herbal technology.
  6. Develop the skill for cultivation of plants.
  7. Acquire the skill of morphological and microscopic examination of herbal plants.
  8. List the major herbs, their Botanical names and chemical constituent’s.

Practical Sem II BOT(2S)/Botany
Total Number of Periods: 02

By the end of the Lab/Practical Course, generally students would be able to:
1) Understand forms of Bryophytes, Pteridophytes and Gymnosperms.
2) Acquire the skill of preparation of slides of plant body and reproductive organs.
3) Classify and identify different plant parts on the basis of external morphology.
4) Describe the plants in technical language.
5) develop critical understanding on morphology, botanical names and cultivation practices of economically
important plants..

 B.Sc II Sem III Angiosperm Systematics, Anatomy & Embryology

       Sem IV Cell Biology, Genetics And Biochemistry

B.Sc. III  Sem V Plant Physiology and Ecology

       Sem VI Molecular Biology and Biotechnology

Certificate Course

Certificate Course in “Herbal Medicine” for details  Click Here